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Gao Zi Ying Annotation on the Sixty Four Hands of Ba Gua Zhang

八卦六十四手直趟 Ba Gua Zhang Liu Shi Si Zhi Tang

Annotation and Commentary by Gao Zi Ying.

Starting Position:  Old Monk Upholding the Alms Bowl

Start with old monk upholding the alms pattern in training every line of sixty-four forms of eight diagram palms.

以老僧托钵开始:八卦六十四手练习每趟以老僧托钵开式

Old monk upholds the alms with yin and yang palms,

By advancing the hand and foot simultaneously with the anterior palm upward,

With five fingers spreading and standing upward at the same time,

And with the back hand hiding underneath the elbow.

老僧托钵阴阳掌,

手脚齐进前掌仰,

五指分开齐贯立,

后手只在肘下藏。

In training the sixty-four forms, it is necessary to contemplate and sense the implications of twenty-six key words:

在练六十四手中按二十六个字诀去体会,这二十六个字诀是

推  Tui  (Push)

托 Tuo (Uphold)

带 Dai  (Bring; Take)

领 Ling (Lead)

扣 Kou (Button; Hook)

劈 Pi  (Split)

进  Jin (Enter; Advance)

穿 Chuan (Pierce; Penetrate)

闪 Shan (Dodge)

截 Jie (Cut; Sever; Stop)

拦 Lan (Block; Obstruct; Impede)

拧  Ning (Twist)

翻 Fan (Turn Over)

走  Zou (Walk; Go)

打 Tiao (Push/Poke; Rising Calligraphy Stroke; Pick Up)

转 Zhuan (Rotate; Turn; Transfer)

抓 Zhua (Grab; Seize: Scratch)

打 Da (Hit)

擒 Qin (Capture; Catch)

拿 Na (Grasp; Hold; Seize)

摔 Shuai (Throw; Fall; Tumble)

掏 Tao (Dig; Pull Out; Take Out)

捋 Lu (Stroke; Rub)

撕 Si (Rip; Tear)

缠 Chan (Wrap; Coil; Wind; Entangle)

掰 Bai (Separate; Break Apart)

First Line

第一趟

1.  Step Forward with the Uplifting Palm

進步挑掌            jin bu tiao zhang

Step Forward, with the Uplifting Palm and split. Hook the enemy’s leg and push it backward, one palm picking up and one splitting; yin and yang. The hand and foot arrive at the same time, with force projecting forward.

进步挑掌挑打劈,拌住敌腿往后推,一挑一劈阴阳掌,手脚齐到力前催。

2.  Lion Rolls the Ball

獅子滾球            shi zi gun qiu

Use Lion Rolls the Ball to dodge away from the central position; pierce with the palm, hold in the chest and walk forward, stepping down to bump with the palm and strike with the hip. The body is agile and the hand and foot enter together from the side.

狮子滚球闪正中,穿掌含胸提足行,落步撞掌使胯打,手脚齐进侧身灵。

3.  Entangling Hand Hidden Strike 

纏手掖撞            chan shou ye zhuang

Use the Entangling Hand Hidden Strike on the side of the body. The fist strikes, embraced by the palm pushing forward. The head has the intention of striking downward following the foot step. Advance with the front foot first and the rear foot  presses down (treads) behind.

缠手掖撞侧身行,拳击掌推往前拥,头打落意随足走,前脚先进后足蹬

4.  Crouching Tiger Leaps the Ravine

臥虎跳澗            wo hu tiao jian

Crouching Tiger Leaps the Ravine, pull the hand and vibrate the foot to strike the chest with the fist. The hand and foot arrive together with the yao [1] and legs. The motions of the hands and feet arrive together with the body.

卧虎跳涧纵身行,捋手震脚拳击胸,手到脚到腰腿到,手脚齐到身要拥。

5.  Punch  Under the Elbow

肘底看捶            zhou di kan chui

Punch Under the Elbow, the other arm standing like a stake. Walk forward to hook the enemy’s leg and lift his elbow.  When the hand and the foot arrive twist the yao for strength.  Stick close to the enemy’s body as you carry the arm and strike under the elbow to  injure the ribs.

肘底进捶上立桩,进步拌腿把肘扛,手到脚到腰拧力,贴身挎肘肋下伤

6. Turn Over the Arm Splitting Strike

反臂劈捶            fan bi pi chui

Turn Over the Arm Splitting Strike to yintang (between the eyes) with the back of hand. Lead the opponent so he loses his ability  to defend. Bend the elbow and turn over the wrist  to split with the back of the hand. Turn over the arm to strike with the back of the arm and injure the face.

反背劈捶打印堂,引进落空敌难防,曲肘滚腕反背劈,反背捶下面孔伤。

7. Double Whip to Press the  Elbow

雙鞭壓肘            shuang bian ya zhou

Double Whip to Press the Elbow and grab the wrist. Punch the enemy’s face and pull back with the rear hand. Step back and crouch to lower the body.  Twist the [opponent’s] arm and turn over the arm to press and roll the elbow.

双鞭压肘把腕抓,拳击敌面后手拉,退步扑腿身下坐,拧腕反臂滚肘压。

8.  Step Forward with the Cutting Elbow

進步截肘            jin bu jie zhou

Step Forward with the Cutting Elbow, grabbing the wrist. Uphold the left arm and press with the right in order to seize. Bai bu [2] to turn the body and cut the elbow, making the enemy crawl on the floor.

进步截肘把腕抓,左托右按是把拿,掰步转身使截肘,拿得敌人就地爬。

Second Line

第二趟

1.  Green Dragon Extends its Claw

青龍探爪            qing long tan zhua

Green Dragon Extends its Claw and pounces on the face. Move away the clouds to see the sun and walk without hindrance (freely). Walk forward with kou bu [3] to hook the enemy’s leg. Pull down with the left hand and pounce with the right hand.

青龙探爪迎面扑,拨云见日走自如,扣步前进拌敌腿,左手下搂右手扑

2.  Brush the  Sleeve and Strike Continuously

抹袖連捶            mo xiu lian chui

Brush the Sleeve and Strike Continuously to twist the step and [make the enemy] collapse. The left side pulls and the right side strikes powerfully as the body moves forward. Hand, nose and foot; the three points line up. Walk forward with front foot first and stamp with the rear foot.

抹袖连捶扭步崩,左搂右崩进身行,手脚与鼻三尖对,前脚先进后脚蹬

3.  Cloud Dragon Offers its Claw

雲龍獻爪             yun long xian zhua

Cloud Dragon Offers its Claw and spreads the five fingers. Hand and foot arrive together and stretch forward; left pulls, right extends, the  dragon offering claws. Strength in the five fingers, the center of the palm is empty.

云龙献爪五指分,手脚齐到往前伸,左搂右抓龙献爪,五指贯力掌心空。

4.  Move Away the Clouds to See the Sun

撥雲見日            bo yun jian ri

Move Away the Clouds to See the Sun and pierce upward with the palm.  Twist the waist, sit the kua [4], and turn over the palm. Left strokes and right pats to the side. Hook the opponent’s leg to make him fall.

拨云见日掌上穿,拧腰坐胯把掌翻,右捋左拍侧身使,拌住敌腿往前栽。

5. Pat the  Chest and Pounce with the  Elbow

拍胸扑肘            pai xiong pu zhou

Pat the Chest and Pounce with the Elbow as the body moves forward. Walk forward with kou bu and lower the body. Left hand pulls downward and pat the chest with the elbow. Hand and foot arrive together as the body moves forward.

拍胸扑肘横进身,进步扣步把身蹲,左手下搂肘拍胸,手脚齐到身前拥。

6.  Turn the Body and  Butt with the  Elbow

轉身頂肘            zhuan shen ding zhou

Turn the Body and Butt with the Elbow, turn the body and go.  Kou bu and turn the body like a whirlwind. Right hand pats and left hand bends to butt laterally. Gore with the elbow as the body moves forward.

转身顶肘转身行,扣步转身似旋风,右拍左曲侧身顶,肘顶身拥往前行。

7.  Punch the  Ear with Penetrating Strike

貫耳穿捶            guan er chuan chui

Punch the Ear with a Penetrating Strike charging straight ahead. Step forward grasp, strike and attack laterally.  Left hand pulls and right hand strikes the face with a fist. Hook the opponent’s leg and attack straight ahead.

贯耳穿捶迎面冲,上步抓打侧身攻,左搂右打拳击面,拌住敌腿往前攻

8.  Hungry Tiger Tears Open the Heart

餓虎扒心            e hu ba xin

Hungry Tiger Tears Open the Heart violently. Hand and foot arrive together as the body moves forward. Pierce, move, cut and block [in the shape of the] “ten” character palm.[5] Walk forward, hook the leg and tear open the enemy’s chest .

饿虎扒心猛又凶,手脚齐到身前拥,穿搬截拦十字掌,进步拌腿扒敌胸。

Third Line

第三趟

1.  Step Forward Unite and Strike

進步團撞            jin bu tuan zhuang

Stepping Forward United Strike and block with two palms. Separate the two palms to bump the enemy’s chest, The left foot gets close to the opponent and the right foot stamps, Step down with the right foot to kick and trample (stamp).

进步团撞双掌封,双掌分开撞敌胸,左脚亲近右脚踹,右脚下落是碥踩。

2.  White Ape Offers the Peach

白猿獻桃            bai yuan xian tao

White Ape Offers Peach, by upholding two palms, Lift the knee, bump the groin and uphold the chin. Relax the arm and lengthen the waist to file forward. The two elbows embrace the ribs to protect the heart.

白猿献桃双手托,提膝撞裆托下颚,松膀长腰往前挫,两肘抱肋护心窝。

3.  Wind Wheel Overturning Elbow

風輪反肘            feng lun fan zhou

Wind Wheel Overturning Elbow and turn the body nimbly, naturally following the opponent movements. Lift the knee and jump; the two legs squat down. Two elbows embrace the ribs to butt (gore) backward.

风轮反肘转身灵,顺手横拨随他行,提膝蹦步双腿蹲,两肘抱肋往后顶。

4.  Immortal Watches the Chess Board

仙人觀棋            xian ren guan qi

The Immortal Watches the Chess Game and block with two hands. Walk forward with left foot and push the mountain with the hand, Step into the middle gate to occupy his position. Tighten the back and take in the chest to hold on to the shoulder with the hand.

仙人观棋双手拦,左脚前进手推山,脚踏中门夺他位,紧背空胸手扒肩。

5.  Golden Silk Brushes the Eyebrow

金絲抹眉            jin si mo mei

Golden Thread Wipes Eyebrow and entangle the wrist with the hand. Seize the enemy’s wrist and press it downward. Walk forward and extend the palm turning to wipe the eyebrow, moving the enemy so it is difficult for him to see the sky.

金丝抹眉手缠腕,拿住敌腕往下按,进步伸掌抹眉转,搬得敌人难见天

6.   Jade Maiden Throws the Shuttle

玉女穿梭            yu nu chuan suo

Jade Maiden Throws the Shuttle and uphold with two hands, The two hands wave back and forth, push, uphold, take and lead, as the body moves. Walk forward, pierce with the palm and push outward with the hand.

玉女穿梭双手托,一来一往双手挥,推托代领随身进,上步穿掌手外推。

7.  Step Back and Lead the Sheep

退步牽羊    tui bu qian yang

Step Backward and Lead the Sheep to be double pulling. Thousand Kilo Weight Falls to Earth has many changes and transformations. Sit the yao, sit the kua, following changes in strength. Stepping back and double pulling are coordinated.

退步牵羊是双捋,千斤坠地变化多,坐腰坐胯顺化力,退步双捋走开合。

8.  The Overlord Sends Off the Guest

霸王送客    ba wang song ke

Overlord Sends Off the Guest in a hurry, One pulls and one strikes tricking {the opponent] in front of you. The front foot hooks and walk forward with the rear foot. Pierce, move, block walk forward and squeeze.

霸王送客使得急,一捋一击向前欺,前脚拌住后腿进,穿搬皆拦进步挤。

4th Line

第四趟

1.  The Departing Horse Turns Back

走馬回頭            zou ma hui tou

The Departing Horse Turns Back, with precise skill, one pulls one chops, straight ahead (head on), hand and foot advance  together and hook the enemy’s leg. The two palms advance together and attack forward.

走马回头手法精,一捋一劈面前迎,手脚齐进绊敌腿,双掌齐进往前攻。

2.  Two Immortals Preach the Dao

二仙傳道            er xian chuan dao

The Two Immortals Preach the Dao must be praised. Separate the two fists and thrust downward. Strike the chest and the back at the same time. Walk forward and close the kua to increase strength.

二仙传道真可夸,双拳分开往下插,前胸后背一起打,上步合胯力要加。

3.  Body Overturning Splitting Strike

翻身劈捶            fan shen pi chui

Body Overturning Splitting Strike and turn the body quickly. Kou bu, bai bu and wave the two fists. Like riding a horse, lower the body and sit the two kua. Left and right two palms turn over and strike.

翻身劈捶转身急,扣步掰步双拳挥,骑马蹲裆双坐胯,左右双拳翻背击。

4.  Wild Horse Crashes Through the Trough

野馬撞槽            ye ma zhuang cao

Wild Horse Crashing Through the Trough fiercely and ferociously. Hand and foot advance together to bump the chest with the shoulder. Left pulls, right bumps and bump the face with the head. Front foot advances, rear foot follows and the back of the hand slaps yin (i.e.: the groin).

野马闯槽猛又凶,手脚齐进肩撞胸,左搂右撞头撞面,前进后跟反撩阴。

5.  Great Roc Spreads its Wings

大鵬展翅            da peng zhan chi

Great Roc Spread its Wings and move to the side. One pulls, one splits and chop the enemy’s neck. Front Bow step rear foot stamps and looks like flying. Relax the shoulder and drop the elbow, to make the palm technique effective.

大鹏展翅侧身行,一捋一劈斩敌颈,前弓后蹬似飞行,松肩坠肘掌法灵。

6.  White Robe Scythes the Grass

白袍鍘草            bai bao zha cao

White Robe Scything Grass and press with two hands. Front foot pounces, rear foot in bow (gong bu – bow stance) and pull downward. One pulls and one seizes to press his elbow. Scythe the enemy to make him crawl on the ground.

白袍铡草双手压,前扑后弓往下拉,一捋一拿按其肘,铡得敌人地上爬。

7.  Zhou Cang Shoulders the Broadsword

周倉扛刀            zhou cang kang dao

Zhou Cang Shoulders the Broadsword and turns the body, kou bu and twist the kua to get close to the enemy. Pull the hand and bend the elbow to carry the enemy’s elbow. Carry the enemy on the shoulder and turn and walk away.

周仓扛刀扭转身,扣步拧胯贴敌身,捋手曲肘扛敌肘,扛得敌人随身走。

8.  Liu Quan Advances the Melon

劉全進瓜            liu quan jin gua

Liu Quan Advances the  Melon is zuan (drilling) fist. Pull the elbow and turn the body to stand in front of the chest of the enemy. Walk forward and hook the enemy’s rear leg. Advance the step and advance the body, use the elbow wrist and fist.

刘权进瓜是钻拳,搂肘转身站胸前,上步绊住敌后腿,进步进身肘腕拳。 

Fifth Line

第五趟

1.  Escaping Body Changing Shadow

脫身化影            tuo shen hua ying

Escaping Body Changing Shadow turn the body and walk. Hawk drills into the sky and dashes upward. Walk the steps., change the palms, separate and hook. Twist, turn over, walk and rotate moving like a dragon.

脱身换影转身行,鹞子钻天往上冲,走步换掌丁掰扣,拧翻走转是龙行。

2. Stroking Hand, Slicing [Kick] and Trample

捋手蹁 踩           luo shou bian cai

Stroking Hand, Slicing [Kick] and Trample, file forward with the foot. The right kicks, left foot [stands with] force sitting behind the body. Pull the wrist with the left hand and uphold with the right palm. Step, down slice and trample on the instep.

捋手碥踩脚前挫,右踢左力身后坐,左手捋腕右掌托,落步碥踩脚面跺。

3.  Advancing Step Bumping Strike

進步撞捶            jin bu zhuang chui

Advancing Step Bumping Strike to hit the chest. Advance the step and advance the body with firm strength. Twist the palms and rotate the fists with spiral force. Step into the middle gate and bump inside.

进步撞捶打胸膛,进步进身力要刚,拧臂转拳螺旋力,脚踏中门往里撞。

4.  Head On Spring Kick to the Knee

迎面彈膝            ying mian tan xi

Head On Spring Kick to the Knee and curve the foot tip. Stand on one leg like a rooster. Pull downward with the left hand and sweep with the right fist. Take in the chest, tighten the back and bend the left knee.

迎面弹膝脚尖曲,单脚独立形如鸡,左手下搂右拳扫,空胸紧背曲左膝。

5.  Sweep the Ear with Single Strike

掃耳單捶            sao er dan chui

Sweep the Ear with Single Strike using precise hand technique. Step back to sweep away and block with the hand. Front leg in bow stance rear leg stamps and advance the head. Left pulls and right sweeps; protect the chest with the hand.

扫耳单捶手法精,撤步横扫手要封,前弓后蹦头前进,左搂右扫手护胸。

6. Arm Overturning Charging Strike

反臂衝捶            fan bi chong chui

Arm Overturning Charging Strike, to hit the lower jaw. Advance the step, advance the body and file forward with the elbow. One straight, one horizontal, hands form a triangle. Change the technique, change the hands in front of the chest.

反背冲捶击下颚,进步进身肘前挫,一直一横三角手,变招变手在怀中。

7.  The King of Heaven Holds Up the Pagoda

天王托塔            tian wang tuo ta

The King of Heaven Holds Up the Pagoda to grab the throat with the hand. Advance the foot and advance the body to uphold the chin, front foot in bow stance and rear leg stamps forcefully and simultaneously. Grab the enemy’s neck and uphold it backward.

天王托塔手掐脖,进步进身托下颚,前弓后蹦齐发力,手掐敌脖朝后托。

8.  Queen Mother Winds Thread

王母拐線            wang mu guai xian

Queen Mother Winds the Thread to grasp and seize. Advance the step, advance the body and press with the elbow.  Surely in this wrist seizing method, winding makes the enemy crawl on the ground.

王母拐线是把拿,进步进身用肘压,腕中反有必拿法,拐得敌人地上爬。

 Sixth Line

第六趟

1.   Thousand Kilo Weight Falls to Earth

千斤墜地            qian jin zhui di

Thousand Kilo Weight Falls to Earth, has many changes and transformations. Lower the body, sit the kua and pull downward. Step backward with the rear foot first. Lead away a goat in passing with opening and closing.

千斤坠地变化多,蹲身坐胯往下捋,退步还先退后步,顺手牵羊走开合。

2.  Sun and Moon Advance Together

日月並行             ri yue bing xing

Sun and Moon Advance Together and step forward in bow stance; one fist and one palm move forward together. Open the front foot first and follow with the rear foot. Hand and foot arrive together; that is real skill.

日月并行进步弓,一拳一掌往前拥,前脚先开后脚进,手脚齐到方为真

3.  Golden Cicada Shedding Skin

金蟬脫殼            jin chan tuo qiao

Golden Cicada Shedding Skin with flower thrusting palm; separate the two palms and shake forward. Extend the left leg forward to hook the foot and leg. One presses, one upholds to twist the yao.

金蝉脱壳插花掌,双掌分开往前抖,左脚前伸绊足腿,一按一托把腰拧。

4.  Lean On Mountain Squeezing

倚山擠靠            yi shan ji kao

Lean On the Mountain Squeezing, sticks close to the body. Advance and penetrate the palm to attack with the shoulder. Stride forward and hook the enemy’s rear leg. Lengthen the waist yao, relax the kua and move forward.

依山挤靠贴身行,进步穿掌使膀攻,迈步绊住敌后腿,长腰松胯往前拥

5. Pull the Hand  and Bump with the Knee

捋手撞膝            lu shou zhuang xi

Pull the Hand  and Bump with the Knee and walk directly forward. One leg stands and one lifts like the rooster form. Lift the knee and strike the vital point upward. Underneath the two feet do damage without hesitation.

捋手撞膝进步迎,一站一提似鸡形,提膝上打致命处,下伤两足不留情。

 6.  Lazy Dragon Lies on the Pillow

懶龍臥枕            lan long wo zhen

Lazy Dragon Lies on Pillow and move to the side. Step forward, hook and bump the enemy’s neck. Hand, foot, waist yao and leg arrive at the same time. In moving forward, upper and lower arrive at the same time.

懒龙卧枕斜身行,上步拌扣撞敌颈,手到脚到腰腿到,上下齐到用力拥

7.  Twist and Lift the Hand to Slap Upward

扭手提撩            niu shou ti liao

Twist and Lift the Hand to Slap Upward and watch with the eyes, One hand pulls and one hand lifts in a goose head fist. Walk forward with the front foot first and follow with the rear foot; the two hands embrace in the wrist lifting fist.

扭手提撩用目观,一搂一提鹅头拳,前脚先进后脚跟,两手合抱提腕拳。

8.  Step Forward with the Downward Pressing Palm

進步塌掌            jin bu ta zhang

Step Forward with the Downward Pressing Palm, to strike the enemy’s chest. Advance the step and the body to attack sideways. Left hand upholds and the right stamps with oppositional force. Sit the kua in horse stance and extend the arm to attack.

进步踏掌击敌胸,进步进身侧身攻,左托右踏二挣力,马步坐胯伸膀攻。

Seventh Line

第七趟

Thrust  Flower Under the Elbow (or: Thrust Flower into ribs)

插花掖肘(肋)  cha hua ye zhou

Thrust Flower into the Ribs is similar to pao quan (cannon fist). Turn the body sideways step around the enemy’s foot and strike with the fist down the middle. Strike with the head and walk following the intention; hand, nose and foot on the same line.

插花掖肋似炮拳,斜身绕步打中拳,头打落意随足走,手脚与鼻成一线。

2.  Lone Phoenix Enters the Nest

單鳳投巢            dan feng tou chao

Lone Phoenix Enters Nest is like beng quan (bursting fist). Advance and follow with the rear foot in a hawk step fist. Embrace the wrist with the two elbows and walk with the kua. Sit the kua, straighten the  yao to hit with beng quan.

丹凤投巢似崩拳,前进后跟鹞步拳,两肘抱肋使胯走,坐胯挺腰打崩拳。

 3. File Inside and Stamp Outside

裡挫外跺            li cuo wai duo

File Inside and Stamp Outside and pull with two hands. Lift the leg, and turn  the foot horizontally to file forward. Twist the yao and twist the kua to turn the foot and stamp. Step down with the foot turned horizontally to stomp on the instep.

挫腿外跺双手捋,抬腿横脚往前挫,扭腰拧胯翻脚跺,落步横脚脚面跺。

4.  Cover the Elbow and Push the Mountain

掩肘推山            yan zhou tui shan

Cover Elbow and Push the Mountain, protecting the chest with the elbow. Embrace the ribs with the two elbows and attack forward. Advance the step, advance the body and bump with two palms. Walk forward with the front foot first and stamp with the rear foot.

掩肘推山肘护胸,两肘抱肋往前攻,进步进身双掌撞,前脚先进后足蹬。

5.  Wind the Elbow and Wave the Lotus

纏肘擺蓮            chan zhou bai lian

Wind the Elbow and Wave the Lotus to entangle the elbow. Lift the knee and bump the groin and embrace in front of the chest. Stand with the left foot and bump with the right knee, step down, turn the body and change the facing direction.

缠肘摆莲把肘缠,提膝撞裆抱胸前,左脚站立右膝撞,落步转身把脸变。

6.  Turn Around Beat the Waist (like a Drum)

轉身擂腰            zhuan shen lei yao

Turn Around Beat the Waist (like a Drum) is like a whirlwind. Kou bu, bai bu and turn the body to walk. Step down and squat down in a horse riding posture. Left upholds and right swings to beat the yao.

转身擂腰似旋风,扣步掰步转身行,落步蹲裆骑马式,左托右抡擂腰捶。

7.  Ape Climbs the  Pole

猿猴爬杆            yuan hou pa gan

The Ape Climbs the Pole and jumps nimbly. Pull the wrist with the two hands, drop the body and walk. Left hand and right hand pound upward and downward, like an ape playing with a rope.

猿猴爬杆纵身灵,双手捋腕坠身行,左手右手上下捣,好似猿猴来捣绳。

8.  Bend the Bow to Shoot the Tiger

彎弓射虎            wan gong she hu

Bend Bow to Shoot Tiger; lift up and hit the chest, advance the step, advance the body and attack sideways. Left fist climbs the frame and right fist charges. Lengthen the yao, relax the kua and stamp with the rear foot.

弯弓射虎挑打胸,进步进身侧身攻,左拳上架右拳冲,长腰松胯后足蹬。 

Eighth Line

第八趟

1.  Four Dragons Drawing Water

四龍取水            si long qu shui

Four Dragons Drawing Water; extend the palm forward. Left and right piercing palms poke the enemy’s eyes. Walk forward and backward without restriction. Stride with the step, pierce with the palm and dodge the middle gate.

四龙吸水掌前伸,左右穿掌戳敌睛,进步退步随意使,跨步穿掌闪正中。

2.  Embrace Moon to the Breast

懷中抱月            huai zhong bao yue

Embrace the Moon To Breast like holding a baby. Embrace in the two arms tightly, sit kua sit yao and straighten upward. Separate the two fists to strike the enemy’s chest.

怀中抱月如捧婴,两臂紧抱在怀中,坐胯坐腰往上挺,双拳分开打敌胸。

3.  Immortal Sifts the Rice

仙人簸米            xian ren bo mi

The Immortal Sifts Rice to lift upward. Advance the step advance the body and file forward. Walk forward with the front foot first and straighten the yao forcefully. Sift by bumping upward forcefully with the two hands.

仙人簸米往上托,进步进身往前挫,前脚先进腰挺力,双手朝上用力簸

4.  Stroking Hand Plays with the Pearls

捋手戲球            luo shou xi qiu

Stroking Hand Plays with the Pearls and stamp powerfully. Grab the enemy’s wrist to take the eyes. Hook the enemy’s rear leg with the front foot; poke upward, advance below and attack forward.

捋手戏珠蹦步蹬,抓住敌腕取双瞳,前脚绊住敌后腿,上戳下进往前攻。

5.  Zhang Fei Steals Horse (by Trickery)

張飛騙馬            zhang fei pian ma

Zhang Fei Steals a Horse by trickery to stamp sideways. Raise the leg, lift the knee and stamp the groin. Piercing palm thrusting the flower to chop the enemy’s neck. Step down and turn the body to become a wind wheel.

张飞骗马侧身蹬,抬腿提膝脚蹬裆,穿掌穿花斩敌颈,落步转身变风轮。

6.  Slice Two Revolving  Doors

片旋兩門            pian xuan liang men

Slice Two Revolving Doors with flower thrusting hand. Chop inside, slice outside and walk with the wading step. Pierce, move, cut, block, turn the body and walk. Twist, turn over, walk and rotate like a whirlwind.

片旋两门插花手,里砍外削趟腿走,穿搬截拦随身转,拧翻走转似旋风。

7.  Wind Wheel Splitting Palm

風輪劈掌            feng lun pi zhang

The Wind Wheel Splitting Palm is like a wheel. Turn the body, pull the hand, split, lift up and lean, Unite the steps, advance the body, and walk to the side. Open the step to stamp and lift up the jaw.

风轮劈掌似车轮,翻身捋手豁撩靠,并步进身斜身行,开步蹦撩下颚头。

8.  Lone Goose Leaves the Flock

孤雁出群            gu yan chu qun

Lone Goose Leaves Flock, walk to the side, advance the step, advance the hand and advance the body quickly. Front foot in bow stance and the rear foot stamps; stamp with the knee and leg. Hook the enemy’ leg to attack forward.

孤雁出群斜身行,进步进手急进身,前弓后蹦蹬膝腿,绊住敌腿往前攻。


[1] Yao, often translated as waist, actually refers to the area of the small of the back extending outward and forward toward the abdomen.

[2] Swing Step or Pendulum Step

[3] Hook Step

[4] Kua, often  translated as hip, actually refers to the inguinal area in the front of the pelvis going up to the top of the ilium including both internal and external structures.

[5] The hands cross resembling the shape of the Chinese character for the number ten (十)

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