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Basic Training of the Ba Gua Straight Sword (Ba Gua Jian Ji Ben Gong): Part 3

This is an excerpt from the book Ba Gua Three Harmony SwordBa Gua San He Jian (八卦三 合 剑), by Zhang Quan Liang.

Master Zhang is a 3rd generation inheritor of Liang Style Ba Gua Zhang. He studied under the famous Li Zi Ming.

Other Ji Ben Gong Movements

1. Piercing 刺 (Ci)

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4 Hand Positions (palm up; palm down; vertical; palm out)

Piercing trains both forward-poking power that emanates from the foot to the leg, to the waist, to the shoulder, to the elbow, to the hand, and to the sword; and the coordination of extending and pulling power contained in the forward and backward actions of the arms.

2. Bursting 崩 (Beng)

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One Hand or Two Hand

This posture primarily trains the returning power from the sword, to the elbow, to the shoulder, to the waist, to the leg and to the foot, and the smashing power in pressing down the wrist, and  upward-hitting power from the forward and downward actions of the arms.

3. Piercing 刺 and Bursting 崩 Mixed (Ci and Beng)

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4. Push 推 & Pull 拉 (Tui and La) the Sword Tail

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Pushing and pulling the sword tail. Push the sword tail with the palm of the left hand, and pull the sword tail with the middle finger of the left hand, with the palm facing upward. This posture trains the nimble power in pushing and pulling the sword tail with the left hand, in order to increase the strength and speed of the right wrist during combat, so as to conquer the enemy quickly and suddenly through right and left levering power.

5. Uphold 托 (Tuo) and Press 压 (Ya) the Sword Tail

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Uphold the sword tail with the middle and index finger, with the palm facing upward, and press the sword tail with the thumb, with the palm facing downward. This posture to trains nimble power in upholding and pressing the sword tail with the left hand, under in order to help increase the strength and speed of the right wrist during combat, in order to conquer the enemy quickly through application of a sudden levering power in the hands.

6. Stir/Wrap 攪 (Jiao)

Jiǎo To Stir 攪 (搅): to stir; to mix; agitate

Draw a circle with the sword edge, with its line like a spring and its form like stirring a congee pot. It is also like spinning, so that the sword tip is used to go around the enemy’s weapon spirally to attack. There are both external stirring and internal stirring.

  • External Stirring: In the yang handle sword, draw the standing circle outward repeatedly with the sword tip, spirally forward to attack
  • Internal Stirring: In the yang handle sword, draw the standing circle inward repeatedly with the sword tip, and spirally forward
External Stirring Internal Stirring

External Stirring – Internal Stirring

12. Flower 花 (Hua) – also called Pull/Roll up 挽 (Wǎn)

Upward Hitting Wrist Flower

Upward Hitting Wrist Flower

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Wrist Cutting Flower

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